As doctors are advising on various safety tips regarding the coronavirus, the medical industry has become a spoken word in the world with panic. The government is explaining that nobody should be afraid since it’s no one’s intention to spread the disease and cause the vast number of deaths that we have seen so far. However, we also need to look at the different types of mistakes we are making during these times of the COVID-19 pandemic. According to India’s eminent virologist, Jacob John, he stated:
“Our health department has accused us of not having enough infrastructure to control the spread of coronavirus.” — Jacob John
Although the global mortality rate of swine flu is 1 in every 1000 people, India faces a much high rate of 50 out of 1000 people. Particularly in rural areas, the lack of disease monitoring, discovery, and prevention is a painful thing. It was reported that 6 Supreme Court Justices were on leave from the swine flu. Out of the six, Sanjiv Khanna came to court wearing a mask as a preventive measure from the flu. If the government had taken appropriate measures to ensure that the 152 people weren’t affected by the swine flu in Delhi, perhaps there could be a chance that the Supreme Court judges could have been spared.
While there is no definite cure or any vaccines for the coronavirus, there is no other way than following the necessary preventive actions before obtaining the virus. The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Edappadi K. Palaniswami, says, “Doctors here find vaccines and set a precedent for the world.” But how is it fair to hand over responsibility to doctors without providing adequate funding for the medical field? Even though experts stress the fact that the suspects should be isolated, the Chennai airport, unfortunately, does not have the facility to treat the incoming passengers in isolation. Even with the approval of the Federal Government in 2014, no isolated medical building has been built at the airport.
For six years, the decision on whether to build the building was either the responsibility of the health department or the aviation industry. Whenever a health crisis comes to the country, a ‘National Crisis Management Team’ must work together with the state governments to solve the crisis. Although this statement sounds great on paper, it would have been better if this had been implemented at an early stage. The federal government responded to the coronavirus by saying that they intended to implement this, and wished to combine social institutions with state governments. The coronavirus was stated to be spread by air droplets, feces, and conjunctival surfaces, through the air, through the mouth, by touching, by coughing and sneezing.
Researchers have confirmed that the coronavirus has new characteristics. Virologists such as Jacob John totally disagree with the idea that the virus is controlled by India’s hot climate. Because the virus is spreading in Singapore, it is very likely that it will also spread in India. The fact is that the thermal environment does not completely control the virus. These virologists have stated that only after the people have fully understood the virus can they take appropriate infection prevention measures.
It is imperative that all travelers from overseas have traveled most places in the world, not just the affected areas, but to go through a screening test. This would mean that all people in the world who have traveled recently need to be able to take the screening test. This can only be done if the National Crisis Management Committee works with the people at the national, state, district, and rural levels. In Chennai, reports have stated that only 25% of the people have done the Corona Virus Screening Test.
People who have a potential chance of receiving the virus have only been isolated for about 2 weeks to 3 weeks. However, it is possible that the screening test might show positive after a month even if they were initially negative. The procedure for testing the virus was to measure their fever with an infrared gun on their forehead. On the contrary, there have been reports that the infrared gun sometimes does not show the accurate temperature. Therefore, taking the flu alone as a criterion should not conclude that the patient has no coronavirus. The tip of the infrared gun and forehead skin should be 3 cm apart; otherwise, the results will change. Also, the Tamil Nadu Government should organize a committee to monitor the testing sites since there are possibilities of some people being infected without any symptoms.
The World Health Organization recommends that CT Lung screening should be included as a criterion, even if the infrared gun shows negative results of coronavirus infection. The reason behind this is due to the possibility that there might be a GGA (Ground Grass Appearance) virus infection at the base and outer surface of the lungs. The World Health Organization (WHO) insists on testing samples in several places, such as blood, nose, throat, rectum, and bronchus. For instance, during the final stages, the sample taken in a Malaya region screened positive, although the sample in the mouth was negative.
Therefore, the patient should be discharged from the hospital only after taking samples (especially in the anus) and performing molecular tests twice. Molecular studies have shown that up to 50% of infections do not show up properly. South Korea, Japan, and China say Re-Positivity. That is, positive first, then negative and then positive again. Therefore, it is very important to analyze samples 2 and 3 times accurately.
The World Health Organization stresses that “it is imperative for the government to adopt transparency in everything and in the formulation and treatment of decisions based on scientific findings.” The main challenge in preventing disease is community transmission. This means that the infected person has been infected although they haven’t traveled to one of the affected areas or been in close with the infected. Also, there is another possibility of transmitting the disease to others in the absence of symptoms which complicates its prevention process.
Currently, 13 government virology labs have been approved across India. There is only one in Tamil Nadu. Also, medical research regarding the detection of coronal damage at all Indian airports, including Chennai, have been approved. An estimated 0.17% of people in the world are infected with coronaviruses. Specifically in India, 109 people have died across the country where there are 4,067 confirmed cases. Just in the state of Tamil Nadu, 571 victims have been affected by a tally of 5 deaths.
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